Mathematics Research Institute

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No se ha especificado ningún tipo

Modeling the CD8 T cell immune response: Cell dynamics and

Fabien Crauste (Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1)

Fecha: 30/11/2011 13:00
Lugar: Sala de Grados de la Facultad de Ciencias
Grupo: Análisis Numérico de Problemas de Evolución. Aplicaciones en Biomatemática

The primary CD8 T-cell response, due to a first encounter between a pathogen and the CD8-type adaptive immune system, consists of two phases: an expansion phase, with a fast increase of T-cell count, followed by a contraction phase. This contraction phase is followed by the generation of memory cells, specic of the antigen and allowing a faster and stronger response when encountering the antigen for the second time. We propose a model of the primary CD8 T cell response, based on age-structured transport equations, in which nonlinearities account for molecular regulation of cell dynamics. We will discuss the roles and relevance of feedback controls that could regulate the response, investigate the local asymptotic stability of the system and prove the global asymptotic stability of the trivial equilibrium when considering a biologically realistic primary infection. Then, we will use this model to estimate parameter values (T cell death rates, proliferation rates, etc.) by confronting a simpler version of the model, based on a system of nonlinear ordinary differential equations, to experimentally generated data. The presentation will end up with a brief discussion on the problem at the molecular scale, and how one can deal with regulatory networks invoved in such a response.